48491_007之Goldfinger 金手指等390个文件_

锘挎澀宸炴礂娴村ū涔愪紤闂插満鎵€
protection against its occurrence than the inability to see a thing gives 鏉窞鍗佸ぇ绾㈢伅鍖?security to the ostrich.

The sequence of events which led up to the final disaster is of great importance, although very far from being in itself a full explanation of the causes.

On June 28, 1914, the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, together 鏉窞spa鍝噷鍙互鍙?with his consort, was murdered by a young Bosnian at Serajevo, not far distant from the southern frontier. The

鏉窞鍝佽尪涓婅寰俊

Imperial authorities instituted a secret enquiry into the circumstances of the plot, as a result of which they professed to have discovered that it had been hatched at Belgrade, that Government officials were implicated in it, and that so far from being reprobated, it was approved by Servian public opinion.[1]

On Thursday, July 23鈥攁 month after the tragedy鈥擜ustria suddenly delivered an ultimatum to Servia, and demanded an acceptance of its terms within forty-eight 鏉窞娌瑰帇濂界殑鍦版柟 hours. The demands put forward were {17} harsh, humiliating, and unconscionable. They were such as could not have been accepted, as they stood, by any nation which desired to preserve a shred of its independence. They had been framed with the deliberate 鏉窞榫欏嚖濞变箰鍦板浘 intention, either of provoking a refusal which might afford a pretext for war, or of procuring an acceptance which would at once reduce the Servian Kingdom to the position of a vassal. Even in Berlin it was admitted[2] that this ultimatum asked more than it was reasonable to expect Servia to yield. But none the less, there can be but little doubt that the German ambassador at Vienna saw and approved the document before it was despatched, and it seems more than likely that he had a hand in drafting it. It also rests on good authority that the German Kaiser was informed beforehand 鏉窞SPA缃?of the contents, and that he did not demur to its presentation.[3]

THE SERVIAN REPLY

On the evening of Saturday, July 25, the Servian Government, as required, handed in its answer. The purport of this, when it became known to the world, excited surprise 鏉窞澶滅敓娲荤綉璁哄潧 by the humility of its tone and the substance of its submission. Almost everything that {18} Austria had demanded was agreed to. What remained outstanding was clearly not worth quarrelling about, unless a quarrel were the object of the ultimatum. The refusal, such as it was, did not close the door, but, on the contrary, contained an offer to submit the subjects of difference to the Hague Convention.[4]

The document was a lengthy one. The Austrian minister at Belgrade nevertheless found time to read it through, to weigh it carefully, to find it wanting, to ask for his passports, 鏉窞娲楁荡鍏ㄥ鎸夋懇 and to catch his train, all within a period not exceeding three-quarters of an hour from the time at which it was put into his hands.[5]

When these occurrences became known, the English Foreign Minister immediately made proposals for a conference between representatives of Germany, France, Italy, and Great Britain, with the object of discovering some means of peaceful settlement.[6] France and Italy promptly accepted his invitation.[7] Germany, while professing to desire mediation, did not accept it.[8] C